What is the difference between Cotton Poplin, Cotton Cambric and Cotton Voile?

difference between cotton cambric, cotton voile and cotton poplin

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Ah, Excuse-me! what is the difference between Cotton Cambric and Cotton Voile? And I also was thinking about Cotton Poplin, actually I have to make a crop top, so which fabric should I use? I am a bit confused. Please help me out! Friends, these are the sentences that I get to hear from my clients almost on a daily basis. So in this video, I will quickly try to explain the difference between cotton poplin, cotton cambric and cotton voile so that it becomes easier for you to choose the right fabric for your apparels and furnishings. Hello, this is Tushar from Charu Creation Pvt Ltd, a fashion fabric company at Nehru Place, New Delhi operational in the fashion industry for the last 35+ years. So first of all, I would like to make it absolutely clear that all of the 3 fabrics namely cotton poplin, cotton cambric and cotton voile are made of pure cotton as most of the people have doubts that one of them might be pure and others might have probably some polyester mixed in it. No that is not the case.

All of 3 are made of pure cotton yarns. So what is the difference? The major difference is the coarseness or the fineness of the yarn out of which the fabric is made. So, out of the three, Poplin is the heaviest and the least sheer, least transparent of the three fabrics. Why? Because the yarn (specifically the weft yarn) which is used to make poplin is the most coarse, the most thick. Then comes cambric. Cambric is lighter than poplin and more sheer than poplin. Cotton Voile is the lightest of the three, is the most sheer of the all, the most transparent of the all. The next major difference between the 3 fabrics is the density of their weaves.

Poplin has the tightest weave followed by cambric and voile. The other major difference is in the construction of their weaves. Although, all the 3 fabrics are made in plain weave but the difference between the number of warp and weft yarns in a square inch of fabric is more in poplin than in cambric and voile. I will explain this more. There is a concept called construction or read-pic of a fabric. It is the number of warp and weft yarns in a square inch of a fabric. In poplin, the read pic is generally 132*72 or 124*64. This means there are 132 or 124 warp yarns and 72 or 64 weft yarns in a square inch of fabric. The number of Warp yarns is almost double than the number of weft yarns in poplin. If we talk about the read-pics of cambric and voile, they are 92*104, 92*88, 80*72. The difference between the number of warp and weft yarns is significantly low. Read-pics can be counted by using a magnifying glass. Read-pics have a direct effect on the feel of the fabrics. Poplin is crisp, smooth and even. They can be easily pleated to create crisp lines. So if you want pleats in your garment, poplin is the fabric for you. It is best suited to make shirts, pants, shorts, pyjamas, sportswear, trench coats, etc.

As it is quite opaque, it does not require lining. Poplin is strong and wear resistant and it is great for year around use. It is the most durable out of the 3 fabrics. Now let us talk about cotton cambric. Cotton cambric is known for its silky and lightweight texture. It has a beautiful fall and it is appropriate for making summer dresses both for men and women. It is not as durable as cotton poplin. Most varieties of Cambrics are quite opaque but some varieties of cambrics could be semi-transparent. Cotton Cambrics also find their usefulness in making curtains and handkerchiefs. Now we come to cotton voile. As it is the lightest and most sheer of the lot, it is most suited for making summer dresses, scarves, nightgowns, tunics, layered skirts, etc. It has an amazing fall. It has a soft silky finish and a light drape. At it is semi-transparent, lining is needed more often than not. Friends, I want to acknowledge you for watching this video. I hope that it would become a bit easier for you to choose the right kind of cotton for making your apparels and furnishings.

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